Shut windows and pull down the shades when it is hotter outside. You can open the windows for ventilation when it is cooler. Only open the windows overnight if it is safe (think about the security).
Avoid the heat: stay out of the sun and don’t go out between 11am and 3pm (the hottest part of the day) if you’re vulnerable to the effects of heat.
Keep rooms cool by using shades or reflective material outside the windows. If this isn’t possible, use light-coloured curtains and keep them closed (metallic blinds and dark curtains can make the room hotter).
Have cool baths or showers, and splash yourself with cool water.
Drink cold drinks regularly, such as water and diluted fruit juice. Avoid excess alcohol, caffeine (tea, coffee and cola) or drinks high in sugar.
Listen to alerts on the radio, TV and social media about keeping cool.
Plan ahead to make sure you have enough supplies, such as food, water and any medications you need.
Identify the coolest room in the house so you know where to go to keep cool.
Wear loose, cool clothing, and a hat and sunglasses if you go outdoors.
Beware of mirrors, crystals or reflective items that are placed in direct sunlight. These can cause serious house fires if they reflect rays onto items which can catch fire.
Turn off non-essential lights and electrical items
A person’s ability to cope with extreme temperatures can be affected by the medication they take. Medication can affect blood pressure and respiration, and the body has to work even harder to keep cool. There is also an increased risk of falls. Avoid unnecessary exertion or have someone visit to help with any physical tasks.
Speak to neighbours who can keep an eye on any vulnerable people.
When visiting vulnerable people make sure they have a cooling drink, jug of water close to hand so they can help themselves when you’re not there.